Muslims are obliged to acknowledge certain articles of faith, known as iman – objects of faith. There are six of them.
3. The Holy Books – This is one subject that cannot be emphasized enough — Muslims treat their holy books with great reverence. The actual words in Arabic are holy in themselves.
When you are sharing the gospel with a Muslim friend, be sure to respect both the Bible and the Qur’an. Use a clean Bible, treat it with extra care and respect, and do not put it on the floor or write in it.
Islam’s holy books are —
Tawrah – (Arabic: توراة) is the Arabic word for the Torah. Muslims believe it was a holy book of Islam given by God to Musa (Moses). The Hebrew word for their scripture, the Torah (also known as the Five Books of Moses or the Pentateuch) means instructions, that is why Tawrat does not refer to the entire Tanakh or Old Testament. As per Qur’an all the prophets governed by the Tawrah.
Injil – (Arabic: إنجيل, translit.: ʾInjīl, alternate spelling: Ingil ) is the Arabic name for what Muslims believe to be the original Gospel of Jesus (Isa). The word Injil is derived from the Greek word Εὐαγγέλιον (euangelion) or in Aramaic ܐܘܢܓܠܝܘܢ (awongaleeyoon) which means “good news” (Old English gōdspel; the term injil is also used by Christian Arabs for their gospels; e.g. Gospel of John, (Arabic: إنجيل يوحنا ʾInǧīl Yūḥannā ) as well as Indonesian Christians; e.g. Injil Yohanes). Muslims believe this original Gospel to have been altered over time, and the teachings of Jesus lost and replaced with false teachings, often believed to be at the instigation of Paul the Apostle. Muslims believe that the four canonical gospels of Matthew,Mark, Luke and John and lost Gospels, such as that of Peter, contain fragments of Jesus’ message, but that the majority of the original teaching has been altered or lost.
Hadith – (Arabic: حديث, /ˈhædɪθ/ or /hɑːˈdiːθ/) in religious use is often translated as ‘tradition’, meaning a report of the teachings, deeds and sayings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The hadith literature was compiled from oral reports that were present in society around the time of their compilation, well after the death of Muhammad. Bukhari‘s collection is considered by many traditional religious scholars as the most ‘reliable’ and was compiled two centuries after the death of the Prophet. Hadiths reports claim to originate from important characters of the earliest years of Islam such as the companions of Muhammad or Shia Imams/Religious leaders. These hadith narrations have formed the controversial basis of the Shariah models of “Islamic law”, despite the alleged contradictions they contain with regards to the Quran itself, such as the punishment for Zina (extramarital sex and premarital sex) in the hadith (stoning to death) contradicts the Quran, rates of Zakat, definition of Ribba etc. The Hadith has also had a profound influence on molding the commentaries (tafsir) on the Quran. The earliest commentary of the Quran by Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari is mostly sourced from the hadith, in-line with Tabari’s Athari creed which considered rational inquiry in matters of religion to be forbidden. As the application of deductive reasoning in deriving laws directly from the Quran was sidelined, the arbitrary authority of the hadith was used to replace the Quran in forming the basis of ‘Shariah’ Law. Much of early Islamic history available today is also based on the hadith.
Qur’an – (English pronunciation: /kɔrˈɑːn/ kor-ahn , Arabic: القرآن al-qur’ān, IPA: [qurˈʔaːn] literally meaning “the recitation”, also romanised Qur’an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Arabic: الله, Allah). Its scriptural status among a world-spanning religious community, and its major place within world literature generally, has led to a great deal of secondary literature on the Qur’an. Quranic chapters are called suras and verses are called ayahs.
Muslims will often say that Christians and Jews have distorted their original texts from God, and that is why the Qur’an is both necessary and “more correct.” However, the Qur’an itself does not say this.