The picture of reality emerging from an under-the-surface look at popular Islam is difficult for the Western mind to grasp. Westerners also own such concepts, but the boundaries of the concepts and the realms of their operation are very different.
For ordinary Muslims, concepts of ‘being’ include a large range of both trans-empirical and empirical forms of life. The Westerner does not agree that foods such as bread actually have intrinsic life or ‘being’ of their own.
‘Being’ is further complicated in that the ordinary Muslim has definite ideas about the realm in which each kind of ‘being’ operates. For example, saints, zar spirits, the souls of the recently dead and other, trans-empirical beings work in the same sphere as humans.